Top tip: First day is for keeping quiet in Quito
Ecuador is bounded to the north by Colombia, to the east and south by Peru and to the west by the Pacific Ocean. It covers three distinct geographical regions ranging from lush, tropical coastal lowlands, through the high Andean plateau, down to the jungle-covered Oriente in the Amazon basin. Politically it is one of the most stable countries in South America and like Peru and Bolivia, almost half of the country’s population is pure Indian.
Ecuador has a warm, sub-tropical climate. The weather varies within the country due to the Andes mountain range and coastal changes. Andean regions are cooler and it is often very cold at nights in the mountains. Rainfall is high in coastal and jungle areas. In the Galápagos the weather is dry and mild.
Facts and Figures
|Area||272,045 sq km (105,037 sq miles).|
|Population||14,790,608 (2010 estimate)|
|Capital||Quito. – population 1,397,698 (2001)|
|Language||Spanish is the official language but Quechua and other indigenous languages are common. Some English is spoken.|
|Religion||More than 90 per cent are nominally Roman Catholic.|
|Time||GMT – 5 (Galapagos Islands GMT – 6).|
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