Top tip: Mosquito repellent an hour before mixing sundowners
It shares borders with Ethiopia in the north, Sudan in the Northwest, Uganda in the west, Tanzania in the south and the Somali Republic in the Northeast. To the east lies the Indian Ocean. The country is divided into four regions: the arid deserts in the north, the savannah lands of the south, the fertile lowlands along the coast and around the shores of Lake Victoria, and highlands in the west where the capital Nairobi is situated.
Because Kenya is on the Equator, there is no real summer and winter in the tropical coastal areas, where it can be very hot and humid, though sometimes tempered by monsoon winds. Inland, however, the air is dry and temperatures more moderate with four seasons. After sunset the temperature can drop quite dramatically, especially at the higher altitudes.
April and May are generally the months when most rain falls – the “long rains”, and around November the “short rains” usually occur. The coolest months are July and August, and the warmest period is between the end of December and mid-March. Nairobi has a very pleasant climate throughout the year due to its altitude. Near Lake Victoria the temperatures are much higher and rainfall can be heavy.
Facts and Figures
|Area||580,367 sq km (224,081 sq miles).|
|Population||39,802,015 (2009 estimate)|
|Capital||Nairobi (pop – 3,138,295 – 2009)|
|Language||Swahili is the national language and English is the official language. There are over 42 ethnic languages spoken, including Kikuyu and Luo.|
|Religion||Mostly traditional but there is a sizeable Christian population (both Catholic and Protestant) and a small Muslim community.|
|Time||GMT + 3 (Winter), GMT + 2 (Summer).|
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