Top tip: Galoshes, goggles & jungle gear
Costa Rica lies between Nicaragua and Panama, and is a complete coast-to-coast segment of the Central American isthmus. A low, narrow line of hills between Lake Nicaragua and the Pacific Ocean expands into a high, jagged mountain range as it enters northern Costa Rica. The highest peak is Chirripo Grande which reaches 3820m. The Meseta plateau, which is home to more than half the population, bordered to the Southwest by the Cordillera mountain range, which provides the back drop to Costa Rica’s capital, San Jose.
In the Central Valley, where the main centres of population are located, the average temperature is 22°C (72°F). However, on the coast it is often much hotter. The rainy season starts in May and finishes in November. The ‘warm’ dry season is considered to be December to May, though temperature differences between summer and winter are only slight.
Facts and Figures
|Area||51,100 sq km (19,730 sq miles).|
|Population||4,608,426 (2011 estimate)|
|Capital||San José- population 365799 (2006)|
|Language||Spanish is the official language. English is widely spoken. Some French, German and Italian are also spoken.|
|Religion||Almost entirely Christian, with Roman Catholic majority.|
|Time||GMT – 6|
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