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Mexico can be divided into two distinct areas: Highland and Lowland. The two mountain ranges of the Sierra Madre Oriental and the Sierra Madre Occidental run parallel to the coast from north to south. The lowland areas to the west hug the western and southern coastlines. To the east the lowlands creep inland some 200 miles to the north, whilst in the south the flat low level area of the Yucatan protrudes out into the Caribbean Sea.
Mexico’s climate varies according to altitude. Coastal areas and lowlands (known as the tierra caliente) are hot and very humid, while the central plateau is temperate even in winter. The central highlands is generally mild, but the temperature varies sharply between day and night. The cold lands (tierra fría) lie above 2000m (6600ft). Here rainfall varies greatly from region to region. Only the Sierra Madre Oriental, the Isthmus of Tehuantepec and the state of Chiapas in the far south have a reasonable amount of rainfall throughout the year, with a rainy season from June to September. All other regions have rainless seasons, and the central plateau is largely arid and desert-like. The north will see some snowfall during the winter. January and February are generally good months to visit Mexico.
Facts and Figures
|Area||1,959,248 sq km (758,449 sq miles)|
|Capital||Mexico City – population 8,851,080 (2010)|
|Language||Spanish is the official language (spoken by more than 90 per cent). English is widely spoken. 8 per cent speak indigenous languages.|
|Religion||90 per cent Roman Catholic.|
|Time||Mexico spans three different time zones: 5 GMT-8 GMT.|
Interested in Mexico? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice