Top tip: Stay north
Algeria is bordered by Tunisia in the northeast, Libya in the east, Morocco in the west. In the southwest it is bordered by Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali, and in southeast by Niger. In the north is the Mediterranean Sea.
Most of the coastal area is hilly, sometimes even mountainous, and there are a few natural harbours in the Mediterranean. The area from the coast to the Tell Atlas is fertile. South of the Tell Atlas is a steppe landscape, which ends with the Saharan Atlas; further south, there is the Sahara desert, which covers more than 90% of its landmass.
The Ahaggar Mountains, also known as the Hoggar, are a highland region in central Sahara, southern Algeria.
Algeria has a Mediterranean climate along the coast, with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. The coastal area is best visited in spring and summer months.
The Sahara desert has extremely high summer temperatures, so it is best to go to this part of Algeria between late autumn and early spring (November to April). Although daytime temperatures rarely fall below 25°C, night time on the desert can be cold even in the height of summer.
Rainfall ranges from more than 1000mm per year in the northern mountains, to zero in the Sahara. Some places go decades without a drop.
Facts and Figures
|Language||The official language is Arabic, but Berber is spoken by a large minority.|
|Religion||99% Islam, with most inhabitants Sunni Muslims.|
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