Top tip: Brace yourself for the ‘yak butter tea’.
Most of Tibet is a huge plateau at an altitude of between 4,000 and 5,000 metres, broken only by a series of East-West mountains. To the north is the Kunlun range which separates Tibet from the Xinjiang Province and to the south are the Himalayas rising to over 7,000 metres.
Most of the population live in the valleys in the south of Tibet, where agriculture is possible and the main crop is barley. On the uplands which surround the southern valleys the inhabitants are mainly pastors who graze sheep, yaks and horses
It is cool in summer, but extremely cold in winter. The thin Tibetan air can neither radiate nor absorb heat, resulting in temperature extremes during both day and night. The period from April to October is the best time to visit Tibet, avoiding the coldest months from December to February.
Facts and Figures
|Area||12.284 million sq km (224,607 sq miles).|
|Population||2.91 million (2009 estimate)|
|Capital||Lhasa- population 1,100,123 (2009)|
Interested in Tibet? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice