Top tip: Brace yourself for the onsen’s electric bath
The country is made up of a series of mountain ranges that run from the most northern island of Hokkaido down to Kyushu in the south. The highest and best known of which is Mount Fuji at 3776m (12,388ft). Mountains and hills, many of which are volcanic cover four fifths of the country leaving just small alluvial plains scattered along the coast.
With the exception of Hokkaido in the far north and the Okinawa Region in the South, Japan has a temperate climate; winters tend to be sunny and cool in the south and getting progressively cooler as you go north, with Hokkaido having snow for up to 4 months of the year. The summer shows a very similar pattern with temperatures ranging from warm to very hot.
It is advisable to take lightweight cotton clothes for summer visits and medium/heavy weight clothing for the winter months. However, do remember that even in the summer the temperature falls considerably as you gain altitude. So if you intend to do some climbing or hill walking come prepared!
Facts and Figures
|Area||377,864 sq km (145,894 sq miles).|
|Population||127,960,000 (2011 estimate)|
|Capital||Tokyo- population-13,010,279 (2010)|
|Language||Japanese is the official language. Some English is spoken in major cities.|
|Religion||Shintoism and Buddhism (most Japanese follow both religions) with a Christian minority. In Okinawa, however, people believe in Niraikanai, the realm of the dead beyond the sea.|
|Time||GMT + 9|
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