Top tip: Extra padding for long drives
The south and east are dominated by the Tien-Shan and Pamir-Alai mountain ranges and the Kyzyl Kum Desert, one of the largest deserts in the world, lies to the northeast. The northwestern autonomous region of Karakalpakstan is bordered by the Aral Sea and the sparsely populated Ustyurt Plateau with its vast cotton fields, is located between the Aral and Caspian Seas. The terrain of Uzbekistan is mostly flat with Steppe land and desert plains accounting for two-thirds of the land mass.
The population is predominantly Sunni Muslim with Shia, Russian Orthodox and Jewish minorities.
Uzbekistan has an extreme continental climate. It is generally warmest in the south and coldest in the north. Temperatures in December average -8°C (18°F) in the north and 0°C (32°F) in the south. However, extreme fluctuations can take temperatures as low as -35°C (-31°F). During the summer months, temperatures can climb to 45°C (113°F) and above. Humidity is low. The best time to visit is during the spring and autumn.
Facts and Figures
|Area||447,400 sq km (172,740 sq miles).|
|Capital||Tashkent. – population 2,157,000 (2001)|
|Language||The official language is Uzbek, a Turkic tongue closely related to kazakh and Kyrgyz. There is a small Russian- speaking minority. Many people involved with tourism speak English. The Government has stated its intension to change the Cyrillic script to the latin.|
|Religion||Predominantly Sunni Muslin with Shia (15 per cent) Russian Orthodox and Jewish minorities.|
|Time||GMT + 5|
Interested in Uzbekistan? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice