Top tip: Never forget your raincoat in the mountains
Kazakhstan is a landlocked country that extends across both sides of the Ural river, and so is part of both Asia and Europe. Roughly equivalent in size to Western Europe, Kazakhstan is the ninth-largest country in the world. It shares borders with Russia, Uzbekistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkmenistan.
Kazakhstan’s terrain extends west to east from the Caspian Sea to the Altay Mountains and north to south from the plains of Western Siberia to the oases and deserts of Central Asia. The Kazakh Steppe, the world’s largest dry steppe region, occupies one-third of the territory. The steppe is characterised by large areas of grasslands and sand. Major seas, lakes and rivers include the Aral Sea, Lake Balkhash and Lake Zaysan, the Charyn River and gorge and the Ili, Irtysh, Ishim, Ural and Syr Darya rivers.
The climate is continental, with summers reaching as high as 36 degrees Celsius, while winters can be as cold as -25 degrees Celsius. Precipitation varies between arid and semi-arid regions – in the desert there’s barely any rain, but in the mountains you’d be foolish to step out without a raincoat!
Facts and Figures
|Area||2,724,900 km2, 1,052,085 sq2|
|Religion||Muslim, Russian Orthodox|
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