Top tip: If in doubt – don’t overtake that bus
Colombia, the fourth largest country in South America, is located to the Northwest of the continent with the Caribbean Sea to the north, Panama in the Northwest, the Pacific Ocean hugging the west coast, Ecuador and Peru to the South, the Northeast dominated by Venezuela and to the Southeast the vast expanse of Brazil. The Andes run into the country in three main cordilleras which spread out across Colombia from the Ecuadorian border, finally rolling down into the lowlands of the Caribbean coast. The spectacular geography of the country shifts from the relatively uninhabited, jungle-covered lowlands to the cool, lush, fertile, high valleys sandwiched between the three main cordilleras. Flat grassy prairies in the east combined with the jungles and impressive rainforests of the Amazonas make up over 50% of the country’s area. Colombia is blessed with undoubtedly some of South America’s most impressive scenery.
The climate is hot and tropical in coastal and northern regions, with most rain falling between May and November. This varies according to altitude. It is cooler in the highland and mountainous areas. Bogotá is spring-like year-round, with cool days and crisp nights.
Facts and Figures
|Area||1,141,748 sq km (440,831 sq miles).|
|Population||45,925,397 (2012 estimate)|
|Capital||Santa Fe de Bogotá – population 7,434,453 (2011)|
|Language||Spanish is the official language. Local Indian dialects and some English, French, German and Italian are also spoken.|
|Religion||Christianity, with 92 per cent Roman Catholic; small Protestant and Jewish minorities.|
|Time||GMT – 5|
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