Top tip: Blue Mosque at dawn
Turkey borders Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Iraq and Syria in the East. It forms a long wide peninsular which is surrounded by the Black Sea, the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean on three sides. Two mountain ranges run from West to East, the Black Sea Mountains and the Taurus which converge in a huge mountainous region in the east of the country where the two ancient rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates originate.
Temperatures in Ankara very between- 4°C (25°F) and 30°C (86°F)- Marmara and the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts have a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters.
Facts and Figures
|Area||779,452 sq km (300,948 sq miles).|
|Capital||Ankara – population 3,208,000 (2002)|
|Language||Turkish. Kurdish is also spoken by a minority in the southeast. French, German and English are widely spoken in cities and tourist areas.|
|Religion||Muslim with a small Christian minority. Turkey is a secular state, which guarantees complete freedom of worship to non-Muslims.|
|Time||GMT + 2|
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