Top tip: Snow goggles for sandstorms
Libya runs from the Mediterranean to the Sahara and is the fourth largest country in Africa. It is bordered by Egypt and Sudan to the east, Algeria and Tunisia to the west and Niger and Chad to the south. The Mediterranean coastline runs for 1,770 kilometres while 93% of Libya is covered by desert.
Agriculture is developed in 1% of the land in the northwest of the country and there are no permanent rivers. The south of Libya has some small mountain ranges with the highest peak reaching 3,376 metres.
Coastal regions benefit from a Mediterranean climate with summer temperatures of approximately 30 degrees accompanied by high humidity and winter lows of 10 degrees, but as you head inland and south the climate becomes hotter and drier increasing in temperature to as high as 50 degrees in the far south. In the spring the ‘ghibli’, a hot, dry, sandy wind may last for a few days in northern Libya. Visits to the desert are not recommended between mid-May and October due to the dangerous daytime heat.
Facts and Figures
|Area||1,775,500 sq km (685,520 sq miles).|
|Population||6,420,000 (2010 estimate)|
|Capital||Tripoli (Tarabulus). – population 1,800,000 (2011).|
|Language||Arabic (which must be used for all official purposes), with some English or Italian. All road, shop and other signs are in Arabic. English is normally understood by people working in hotels, restaurants and shops.|
|Time||GMT + 2|
Interested in Libya? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice