Top tip: High rock churches require serious head for heights
Ethiopia has a vast complex of highland mountains on one side of the Great Rift Valley which runs from the southwest to the northeast. On the other side of the Rift Valley, mainly the south and east the terrain is mainly lowland, steppes or semi desert.
Ethiopia is ecologically diverse from deserts along with eastern border, to tropical forests in the south and mountains in the north and southwest. The Ethiopian Highlands are relatively cool considering its proximity to the Equator. Addis Ababa is at an elevation of around 2,400m and has a pleasant climate all year round. meanwhile the Danakil Depression in the east has the world’s highest average annual temperature of 34’C and other less elevated areas such as in the south of the country are much warmer than the Highlands.
Lake Tana is the source of the Blue Nile and well worth a visit.
Facts and Figures
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