United States of America
Top tip: Pizza in New York, peanut butter in the mid-west and Pacific prawns in Los Angeles
The United States of America, comprising 50 individual states, covers a large part of North America and borders with Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. It is also the third largest country in the world (after the Russian Federation and Canada) and has coasts on the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans, together with the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. The land area of the contiguous United States is approximately 1,900 million acres (7,700,000 km2). Alaska, separated from the contiguous United States by Canada, is the largest state at 365 million acres (1,480,000 km2). Hawaii, occupying an archipelago in the central Pacific, southwest of North America, has just over 4 million acres.
Its landscape is incredibly diverse, with mountains, plains and coastal areas. There are both densely populated cities and sparsely populated rural areas.
The climate varies enormously ranging from tropical (Hawaii) to arctic (Alaska), with the best times to visit depending upon both the location and the season. The cooler, more comfortable times to visit are generally Spring (March – May) and Autumn (September and October). Although the summer months are generally hot regardless of the region, winter temperatures (November – February) can vary considerably; the northern States are much colder than the southern States.
Facts and Figures
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