Top tip: Choose the right valley
Pakistan is divided into three major geographic areas: the northern highlands; the Indus River plain; and the Balochistan Plateau. The northern highlands of Pakistan incorporate some of the world’s highest peaks, including K2 (8,611 m or 28,251 ft) and Nanga Parbat (8,126 m or 26,660 ft). The Balochistan Plateau lies to the West, and the Thar Desert in the East. An expanse of alluvial plains lies in Punjab and Sindh along the Indus river. The Indus River and its tributaries flow through the country from the Kashmir region to the Arabian Sea.
Pakistan’s climate varies from tropical to temperate with arid conditions existing in the coastal south, characterised by a monsoon season with frequent flooding rainfall and a dry season with little to no rainfall. There are four distinct seasons; a cool, dry winter from December through February; a hot, dry spring from March through May; the summer rainy season or southwest monsoon period, from June through September; and the retreating monsoon period of October and November. Rainfall can vary radically from year to year, and successive patterns of flooding and drought are common
Facts and Figures
|Language||More than sixty languages are spoken in Pakistan.Urdu is the lingua franca, understood by over 75% of Pakistanis.English is the official language. The local dialect is known as Pakistani English. Punjabi is the commonest native language in Punjab.|
|Religion||97% Muslim, mostly Sunni.|
|Time||GMT +5 and +6 (summertime)|
Interested in Pakistan? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice