Top tip: Stay ‘silent, low and slow’ when backing away from bears
Canada extends from the Pacific Ocean and Alaska in the west, to the Atlantic Ocean on its east coast. It borders Greenland in the northeast and the United States to the south. The landscape is extremely diverse, given its size, ranging from Arctic tundra in the north togreat wheatlands inthe central region. In the west lie the Rocky Mountains, and in the southeast are the Great Lakes, the St Lawrence River and the Niagara Falls.
Spring has mild days but the evenings are cool. As May approaches, the days become warmer but it can still be cool at night. June is warm, and the best time to travel or commit to any outdoor activities. July and August are the warmest months of the year. The first frosts of the year start as early as October, and November is cool to frosty. In many areas there is complete snow cover between December and March.
Facts and Figures
|Area||9,984,670 sq km (3,855,101 sq miles).|
|Population||31,629,700 (official estimate 2003).|
|Capital||Ottawa- population sé: 1,063,664 (2001, including Hull).|
|Language||Bilingual: English and French. The use of the two languages reflects the mixed colonial history – Canada has been under both British and French rule.|
|Religion||75 per cent of the population belong to the Christian faith: Anglican, Roman Catholic and United Church of Canada. There are numerous other active denominations and religions.|
|Time||Canada spans six time zones depending on the region: GMT – 3.5. to GMT – 8|
Interested in Canada? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice