Top tip: Remember your dates
Lebanon lies to the east of the Mediterranean and bordered by Syria and Palestine. It is a mountainous country and between the two parallel mountain ranges of Jebel Lubnan and Jebel esh Sharqi lies the fertile Bekaa Valley. Almost half of the land lies at an altitude of over 900m.
Lebanon’s climate has four distinct seasons. Summer (June to September) is hot on the coast but cooler in mountainous areas. Spring and autumn are pleasantly warm. Winter (December to mid-March) is often rainy with snow in the mountains.
Facts and Figures
|Area||10,452 sq km (4036 sq miles).|
|Population||4,224,000 (2009 estimate)|
|Capital||Beirut- population 250,000 (2011 estimate)|
|Language||The official language is Arabic, followed by French as the second language; English is widely spoken. Kurdish and Armenian are spoken by a small percentage of the population.|
|Religion||Islam and Christianity are the main religions. Islam (predominantly Shi’ite) accounts for approximately 40 per cent of the population’s beliefs. Christianity denominations, mainly Greek Orthodox, Maronite, Armenian and Protestant account for another 40 per cent. Other religions account for the remaining 20 per cent.|
|Time||GMT + 2 (GMT + 3 from April to September).|
Interested in Lebanon? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice