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Guatemala shares borders with Mexico, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador. The country is heavily forested and predominantly mountainous with a beautiful string of volcanoes lining the Pacific coast, three of which are still active.
Guatemala’s climate varies according to altitude. The coastal regions and the northeast are hot all year round with an average temperature of 20°C (68°F), though sometimes as high as 37°C (99°F). Typically, nights are clear throughout the year. At higher altitudes, in the centre of the country, the rainy season (May to September) is characterised by heavy rain during the afternoons and evenings, followed by clear night skies. Nights are typically cold.
Facts and Figures
|Area||108,889 sq km (42,042 sq miles).|
|Population||13,276,517 (2009 estimate)|
|Capital||Guatemala City- population 1,104,890 (2010)|
|Language||The official language is Spanish. English is widely spoken in tourist areas and major hotels and restaurants. 23 indigenous languages are also spoken.|
|Religion||The constitution guarantees freedom of worship, but Catholicism is the most widespread religion with a 10 per cent Protestant minority. Some indigenous communities hold services combining Catholicism with pre-Columbian rites.|
|Time||GMT – 6|
Interested in Guatemala? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice