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Lithuania is one of the three Baltic states, sharing borders with Latvia, Poland, Belarus and Russia In the country’s east lies the geometrical centre of Europe, near the village of Bernotai, 25km (16 miles) north of the capital, Vilnius. The landscape comprises both lowland areas and hilly uplands, and has a dense, tangled network of rivers, including the Nemunas and the Neris. Around 1.5% of the country’s territory is made up of its over 2,800 lakes. The majority of these are in eastern Lithuania, including the beautiful Lake Druksiai and Lake Tauragnas.
The country has a temperate climate, but temperatures vary considerably from region to region throughout the year. Spring and autumn are mild, and summers are warm. Winter, however, which lasts from November to mid-March, can be very cold. Rainfall is distributed throughout the year with the heaviest downpours in August. Heavy snowfalls are common during the winter.
Facts and Figures
|Area||65,300 sq km (25,212 sq miles).|
|Capital||Vilnius – 553,373 (2002).|
|Language||Lithuanian is the official language. Lithuanian has a large number of of dialects for such a small territory.|
|Religion||(LITHUANIA) Predominantly Roman Catholic with Evangelic Lutheran, Evangelic Reformists, Russian Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim and Jewish minorities.|
|Time||GMT + 2.|
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