Top tip: Understand your ‘plumb blossoms’
Taiwan is an East Asia island in the western Pacific Ocean, located off the south-eastern coast of mainland China. It is separated from the Asian continent by the 160 km wide Taiwan Strait. To the northeast are the main islands of Japan and the East China Sea, and the southern end of the Ryukyu Islands of Japan is directly to the east. The Batanes Islands of the Philippines lie to its south across the Bashi Channel. Taiwan is commonly referred to as one of the Republic of China’s territories – it is also the main island of a group of 86 islands.
Approximately thirty-one percent of the country is alluvial plain, most of it on the coastal strip. Inland areas are mountainous. Taiwan enjoys a subtropical climate with moderate temperatures in the north, where there is a winter season. The southern areas, where temperatures are slightly higher, enjoy sunshine every day, and there is no winter season.
Facts and Figures
|Area||36,188sq km (13,972 sq miles).|
|Population||23,061,689 (2011 estimate)|
|Capital||Taipei- population 2,618,772 (2010)|
|Language||Northern Chinese (Mandarin) is the official language. Taiwanese is widely spoken and English is taught as the foreign language in schools.|
|Religion||Buddhism; also Taoism, Christianity and Islam.|
|Time||GMT + 8|
Interested in Taiwan? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice