Top tip: Look left and right when driving along the volcano rim road.
El Salvador is the most densely populated, smallest and most integrated of the republics in Central America. It is located on the south west coast of the Central American Isthmus on the Pacific Ocean and is the only country in the region lacking access to the Caribbean. This means that it does not possess the flora that is typical of that particular coastal zone. Nevertheless El Salvador does have an extensive variety of colourful, tropical vegetation including over 200 species of orchid that grow throughout the country. Several nature reserves have been set up in certain areas in response to diminishing numbers of animals such as jaguars and crested eagles whose habitats have been increasingly destroyed by excessive deforestation.
Facts and Figures
|21, 041 km2
|6,344,722 (2016 estimate)
|Most of the population are Roman Catholics, with one third being Protestants.
Interested in El Salvador? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice