Top tip: One day Syria will reover from the present Civil War and we will delight in helping to re-introduce you to one of the Middle East’s most remarkable destinations.
Syria is bordered by Turkey in the north, Iraq in the east, Jordan in the south and Israel and Lebanon in the southwest. North of Lebanon, Syria has a stretch of coastline on the Mediterranean. The country can be divided into four main geographical areas: the fertile plain in the northeast, the plateau, coastal and mountain areas in the west, the central plains, and the desert and steppe region in the central and south-eastern areas. The Euphrates flows from Turkey in the north, through Syria down to Iraq in the southeast. It is the longest river in the region at 2330km (1450 miles), of which 600km flow through Syria.
The climate in Syria is dry and hot, and winters are mild. Because of the country’s elevation, snowfall does occasionally occur during winter in the mountains. Spring is the best time to visit as temperatures are mild and the winter rains have cleared the haze that obscures views for much of the year.
Facts and Figures
|Area||185,180 sq km (71,498 sq miles).|
|Population||22,457,763 (2010 estimate)|
|Capital||Damascus. – population 4,211,000 (2009 estimate)|
|Language||Arabic, French and English.|
|Religion||Mainly Muslim and Christian (mostly Orthodox and Catholic) with Jewish minorities.|
|Time||GMT + 2 (GMT + 3 from March 30 to September 30)|
Interested in Syria? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice