Top tip: Early morning for sunlit Abu Simbel
Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean to the north, Sudan down to the south, Libya in the west and the Red Sea and The Holyland on the eastern side.
The country is unevenly divided in two by the river Nile. 90% of the country’s population are centred around the fertile plains of the Nile Valley, The Delta and the city of Cairo.
The scenery is mainly flat and arid with vegetation cropping up only around the oasis.
The winters in Egypt are a pleasant 15 – 20 degrees, while temperatures in the summer may reach 35 or 40 degrees. With virtually no rain throughout the year, Egypt is the ideal year-round holiday location.
Facts and Figures
|Area||1,002,000 sq km (386,874 sq miles)|
|Population||80,085,862 (2011 estimate)|
|Capital||Cairo (El Qahira). – population 6,758,581 (2006 estimate)|
|Language||Arabic is the official language. English and French are widely spoken.|
|Religion||According to the 1986 census, over 94 per cent of the population follows Islam; the majority of the rest is Christian. All types of Christianity are represented, especially the Coptic Christian Church. There is also a small Jewish minority.|
|Time||GMT + 2 (GMT + 3 from May to September)|
Interested in Egypt? Call +44 (0)20 7604 4408 for expert holiday advice