Top tip: Distance means nothing
The island of Sri Lanka lies in the Indian Ocean, to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal. It consists mostly of flat-to-rolling coastal plains, with mountains rising only in the south-central part.
Tropical climate upland areas are cooler and more temperate, and coastal areas are cooled by sea breezes. There are two monsoon seasons, which occur May to July and December and January.
Facts and Figures
|Area||65,525 sq km (25,299 sq miles).|
|Capital||Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (official) – population 115,826 (2001) Colombo (commercial) – 642,020 (2001).|
|Language||Sinhala, Tamil and English.|
|Religion||Buddhist majority ( 70 per cent), with Hindu, Christian and Muslim minorities.|
|Time||GMT + 6|
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